### Passing Curiosity

Being the closet Apple fanboy that I am, I pre-ordered Snow Leopard and had my Macbook upgraded the day of release. Unfortunately, this had the effect of completely breaking my Haskell environment. I’ve managed to resolve all of the problems that I encountered and have noted the various solutions here. See the end of this post for notes.

Thanks to HowManyFiles you can now read a Japanese Translation: 日本語訳.

First, there’s the matter of getting GHC to compile anything. The problem is that Snow Leopard, and all it’s compilers, are now 64-bit by default. Alas, the code GHC generates on on Mac OS X is 32-bit and thus the assembler and linker both error out resulting in errors like this:

/var/folders/1J/1JKije6yHpm78qqdjF5N2U+++TI/-Tmp-/ghc7743_0/ ghc7743_0.s:1357:0:
suffix or operands invalid for push'

/var/folders/1J/1JKije6yHpm78qqdjF5N2U+++TI/-Tmp-/ghc7743_0/ ghc7743_0.s:1401:0:
suffix or operands invalid for push'</code>

The solution is to get GHC to pass -m32 flags to the compiler (if used), assembler, and linker.

The quickest way 1 to do this is by editing /usr/bin/ghc – a shell script which calls the “real” GHC binary – to add the flags -optc-m32 -opta-m32 -optl-m32. This ensures that the arguments are passed to all invocations of the compiler.

Alas, this is not the end of the story. The next step in setting up a Haskell development environment is to install cabal-install. This depends on the HTTP and zlib packages. HTTP is no problem now that we can build and run ./Setup.lhs, but zlib appears to be broken and reports “incompatible version” errors at runtime. The error itself seems to originate in Codec/Compression/Zlib/Stream.hsc, but other than that, I’m completely stumped.

The only way forward for me is to either leave my Haskell development for a while (even Hugs won’t install with Macports) or, what I’ll actually do, do all my development on Linux in a VirtualBox. This is obviously less than ideal and I hope that the GHC developers can fix the issue in time for the next point release of GHC.

## Update

The first problem is getting GHC to compile, assemble, and link 32-bit code. This involves a modifying the ghc script as noted above, but also requires that you pass a bunch of flags to Setup and cabal if the code you’re compiling links against external libraries (libcurl or libpq, for example). My command lines look like this:

./Setup configure --ld-options="-arch i386" --gcc-option=-m32

The --gcc-option=-m32 probably isn’t necessary (the -optc-m32 inserted in /usr/bin/ghc does the very same thing), but the other option is required to convince the linker to use the correct architecture. Otherwise linking will fail and you’ll get nothing or, even worse, a broken library or executable. This could probably even be incorporated into the /usr/bin/ghc edits above (-optl-arch\ i386 or similar might do it).

The second problem I encountered (I’ve seen this problem before in the context of Python packages) is managing to have 32-bit libraries to link against. This last point doesn’t matter if you aren’t linking against external libraries, but if you are then you may be installing some of them with Macports. In this case, do please make sure that you install the universal variants of every package that you’ll want to link against. Without this you’ll be installing x86_64 only and the i386 Haskell code will not be able to link. The easiest way is to edit /opt/local/etc/macports/variants.conf to contain +universal before you start installing things. Because rebuilding every package is no fun.

If you’re upgrading to Snow Leopard and already have a bunch of stuff installed, then you might want to rebuild it all as universal. Make the change mentioned above and then force macports to rebuild everything as suggested by the Ruby on Rails people:

sudo port selfupdate
sudo port sync